About Sri Sri Baladev Jew Temple
Sri Sri Baladev Jew Temple is one of the historic temples of Orissa, situated at Ichhapur near Kendrapara. The area covered by the structure is 2 Acre 6 Decimile. The total area is divided into 2 parts. First part includes different temples and second part is garden. The boundary wall (Bedha) around the temple is 14 feet high.
First boundary (Bedha) consists of 4 main temples namely
1. Bada Deula or Sri Mandir,
2. Majhi Mandir or Bhog Mandap
3. Jagamohan or Natya Mandir and
4. Bata Mandir or Mukhashala.
Aruna Stambha of 40 feet high and 4 feet girth is standing in front of the temple. The Aruna Stambha is also known as “Astapanda” . The height of main temple (Sri Mandir) is 75 feet and width is 40 feet. It is constructed with heavy Baulamalia stone in a traditional 7-step architecture. At the top of the temple, situated the “Ramanandi Chita”, “Brahma Nilachakra” and at the apex, White flag is fluttering restlessly.
Inside the main temple, 3 deities of Sri Baladev Jew, Sri Jagannath and Devi Subhadra are worshipped on a dais named as “ Ratna Simhasana” . Other representative deities are Sri Govinda Jew, Mahalaxmi, Sri Sudarsan, Sri Balgopal and Shalagrama.
The middle temple is a bit shorter than the main temple and it is constructed in 5-step traditional architecture. The ancient Garuda Stambha is inside Jagamohan. Sacred Seven Steps are in front of it. Gigantic Stone statues of lion and elephant are situated in front of Batamandir or Mukhashala. Navagraha statues are there also. Sri Patitapaban and Kshetra Rakshak Sri Hanuman are inside Batamandir. Idol of Goddess Tulasi in sitting position is there after the sacred seven steps.
Apart from this, other temples are there inside the boundary (Bedha). Those are Ashtasambhu temple, Baikunthanath temple, Kanak Durga temple, Padapadma temple, Navagraha temple, Basudev temple, Sri Ganesh temple, Revati temple, Tulasi temple, Kalki temple, Shadabhuja Gouranga temple & Sriram temple.
Other structures are Jhulan Gruha, Ratna Bhandar, Snana Mandap, Mukti Mandap etc.
There is Ananda Bazar, in which different types of Prasads are available for devotees.
3 deities on the Ratna Simhasana are decorated with different type of costumes, silks, and ornaments with Basil leaves & scented flowers. Some special costumes are organized in some special occasions. Some of the Costumes are
1. Nitya Besha - daily
2. Nrusingha Shesadeva Besha – Baisakh Sukla Chaturdashi or Nrusigha Chaturdashi
3. Gaja Uddharana Besha – Baisakh Purnima
4. Gajanana Besha – Jyestha Purnima or devasnana Purnima
5. Sri Gundhicha Raja Besha – Ashadha Sukla Dwitiya
6. Sri Raghunath Besha - Ashadha Sukla Dwadashi
7. Gamhabhisheka Besha – From Sravana Sukla Dasami to Purnima
8. Suna Besha, Janmastami Besha – Bhadrab Dwadashi ( Bamana Janma)
9. Radha Damodar Besha – From Kartik Krushna Pratipada to Purnima
10. Kaliya Dalan Besha – Kartika Astami
11. Ekalaksha Tulasi Arpan Besha – Kartika Sukla Navami ( Amla Navami)
12. Madhu Samhar Besha - Kartika Sukla Dashami
13. Pralambasura Samhar besha - Kartika Sukla Ekadashi
14. Garuda Arohan Besha - Kartika Sukla Dwadashi
15. Dwibinda Banar Besha - Kartika Sukla Trayodashi
16. Bakasura Baddha Besha - Kartika Sukla Chaturdashi
17. Padma Besha – Kartika Purnima
18. Prathamastami Besha – Margashira Krushna Astami
19. Dhenuka Marddana Besha – Margashira Purnima ( Pandu Purnima)
Pushyabhisheka Besha – Pousha Purnima
21. Kachikaveri Besha – Magha Sukla Panchami ( Sripanchami)
22. Kandarasura Baddha Besha/ Kandara Mardana Besha - Magha Purnima
23. Krushna Balaram Besha – Dola Purnima
24. Sri Raghunath Besha – Chaitra Purnima
Offerings ( Dhupa)
There are arrangements for 3 main offerings ( Dhupa )and 5 minor offerings (Abakasha) for the deities.
- Morning offering ( Sakala Dhupa) 9.00 AM to 10 AM
- Offering at pre-noon (Madhhyanna Dhupa) 11.00 AM to 12 Noon
- Rice offering ( Dwiprahara Dhupa/ Anna Dhupa) 2.30 PM to 3.30 PM
- Offering at evening ( Sandhya Aarati Dhupa) 6.00 PM to 7.00 PM
- Rice offering ( Nisankhudi Dhupa) 8.00 PM to 9.00 PM
- Offering at night ( Badasinghar Dhupa) 9.30 PM 10.00 PM
Different types of offerings (Prasad) are made with trained traditional persons engaged solely for deities. Some of the delicacies are highly patronized in different historic regimes. A comprehensive list of the delicacies is given below.
Baula Gaintha, Upana Pitha, Mithei, Chaurashi Byanjana, Makara Chaula, Bhaja, Dali, Phalamula (fruits), Dry sweets, Ghanavarta, Pura Kakara, Rasabali, Potali Pitha, Chipa Kakara, Karanji, Khaja, Magaja Ladoo, Dalimba, Khuduma, Nishkudi, Mutha Gaja, Tala, Chhena Chakata.
The Chariot (Brahma Taladhwaja Ratha)
The chariot , on which the three deities perform the famous Car festival is known as Brahma Taladhwaja Ratha. This is the biggest chariot in the world. Every year, some parts of the chariot are built anew unlike the chariots of Puri Car Festival. When it rolls, it seems like a temple on wheel.
Some of the specification of the Chariot :
Total No. of wheels : 14 : which signifies the 14 universes (bramhanda)
Height of the wheels : 6 feet 6 inches
Total no. of log pieces used : 1013
The height of the chariot : 65 feet
Height of Simhasana from ground level : 12 feet 6 Inches
No of Axel ( Akha ) : 7 which signifies the 7 elements
No. of horses : 4 ( 2 black and 2 white )
Name of the horses : Teevra, Ghora, Dirghashrama & Swarnanabha
Rope of the Chariot : Vasuki
The covering of the chariot is of seven colours.
Total no. of ropes : 7 of 40 feet each
The name of flag (Neta) : Unnani
Gods in front of the Chariot : Garuda & Hanuman
Gate Keeper ( Dwarapala ) : Surya & Chandra
In Murdhi : Ketuprabha
At the door : Rudra
Chariot Keeper ( Rakshak ) : Basudev Sankarsan
Side deities ( Parshwa devata): Harihar, Tripurari, Laxman, Siddha Vinayak, Nrusingha, Basudev, Chamunda, Bhadrakali, Mangala, Banimangala, Bhairavi, Chakra Basulai, Natambar, Durga, Shesadeva
Ratha Charana : Mahasiddha, Ulemi, Garbhadhiswari
Ratha Sakti : Tunga, Tungabhadra, Prabha, Suprabha, Dhatri, Bidhatri, Nanda, Sunanda
Rushipata : Angira, Poulasthya, Pulaha, Agasti, Atreya & Kashyapa
Ratha Kumbha : Bhuban, Biswa, Pruthibi
Source : DIPRO, Kendrapara